The Paris Academy of Art offers a comprehensive selection of classes
that guarantees steady progress in students' work.
This is the core of how drawing and painting are taught.
The poses are "long" when they last from five to six weeks, three hours per day. Students learn to measure and organise values
in a precise order that takes into account
the many subtleties of human anatomy. Significant focus is placed on light and how
it flows over the model. The first drawings
are done in pencil on paper and with charcoal. Halfway through the second year,
students begin painting, first in grisaille
and later with a complete palette.
Drawing from casts is the study of casts
of ancient sculptures.
This course is taken early on in the program, after copying and before life drawing. Students practice transferring what they see in three dimensions to two dimensions
They work from a stationary object, allowing their eyes to practice halftones and to comprehend the tonal variations of light and shadows. Students progress at their own rate.
Artistic anatomy is the study of
the human body, in particular
of the skeleton, muscles, movement
and proportions. Understanding how
a body works helps students interpret
the many parts of the human form.
Students find reference points
in the general structure which allow
them to create their drawing
by transforming the human body's complicated form into clear structures.
Sketching live models is essential for
students to become aware of proportions
and movement. This quick sketching develops students' observational skills
and understanding of the model and allows them to understand notions of anatomy.
The length of time the poses last ranges
from a few minutes to about fifteen minutes for the longer ones. In the first year, only pencils are permitted, with emphasis placed on getting the proportions right.
In the second year, other tools are experimented with, but correct proportions remains the main objective. In the final
year, students have more freedom as regards the models.
The portrait is a variant of the drawing from living model that tries to reproduce the face of a person by capturing his or her likeness as precisely as possible.
By its complex structure and its need for resemblance, the portrait is a great way to develop its technique of drawing. Proportion, volume, value are the notions that are studied during a portrait drawing.
This class provides students with general knowledge of art history.
Becoming familiar with historical and contemporaneous artists and their themes and techniques enriches students' work. The class also provides students with knowledge about materials and techniques and where they came from. The class covers the evolution of political, religious and social thinking and demonstrates the influence that environment has on the artistic production of a given period.
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