In France, students of all nationalities may benefit from specific government housing subsidies.
France is the only country in Europe with such a system.
The CLÉ (caution locative étudiante, or student rental deposit) is a government guarantee that
facilitates student access to housing if they do not have guarantors to vouch for them.
The CLÉ is managed by the Centres Régionaux des Oeuvres Universitaires et Scolaires (Crous).
It is now available for all academies, excluding those in overseas territories.
Students may benefit from it if:
• they have a source of income but no deposit from family, friends or a bank;
• they intend to live in France to carry out their studies;
• they are under 28 as of 1 September during the year the lease is signed;
• they are older than 28 as of 1 September during the year the lease is signed, if they are a doctoral
or post-doctoral foreign national.
Beneficiaries pay an amount equivalent to 1.5% of the rent, which must be no higher than €600
per month in Ile-de-France or €500 per month in other regions.
Like the French students, foreign students can also benefit from student housing aid, which was established to compensate for the relatively high housing prices in France.
This subsidy is calculated based on rent and on the student's financial resources: it is therefore not granted automatically and the amount received is calculated on a case-by-case basis.
To benefit from this student housing aid, students must fulfil the following four criteria:
• already have a place to live, so that they can provide the address and amount of rent;
• be registered for the compulsory student social security regime;
• have a bank account in France, because the subsidy is transferred directly to the beneficiary each month;
• file a declaration (a "tax return" or "income tax return") with the French tax authorities, even if they
have not earned any income during the past year.
Tax returns are essential to the Caisse d'Allocations Familiales (CAF) so that it can calculate the right
to a housing subsidy.
It is therefore necessary for all students to declare their earnings, even if they did not have any
and file as "no income to declare". Tax returns may be filled out online.
In the event that students share a flat, the flatmates may receive a housing subsidy if their name
is on the lease.
Each flatmate would then file a separate request. Couples, however, file a joint request.
Applications for the housing subsidy may be filled out directly on the CAF website, within three
months of moving to an address.
Each student at the Paris Academy of Art receives a personal ID card with their name on it which
grants him or her free access to the Louvre and the Musée d'Orsay, as well as to the Réunion
des Musées Nationaux.
This card also provides students with a 15% discount in all Le Géant des Beaux-Arts stores in France.
Le Géant des Beaux-Arts Paris 13
15, rue Vergniaud
01 40 78 00 80
Le Géant des Beaux Arts Paris 11
166, rue de la Roquette
01 46 59 43 00
For additional information
see the Paris Academy of Art
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